They are single-cell fungi that are edible like edible mushrooms. Yeast cells are in the shape of an egg. Scientifically, the yeast which bakers use is called Saccharomyces Cerevisiae or simply sugar-eating fungus.
They acquire energy by digesting food, especially sugars. At the same time, by digesting sugars, they give many products such as Carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol.
Yeast is a living entity that is in baking, cooking, and brewing items. However, not all yeasts are made equal. Each variety has its own set of properties that make it ideal for a particular use. While certain yeast forms can be used alternately if the recipe is modified, others are so distinctive that they aren’t suitable for this purpose. Yeast has a variety of purposes.
Yeast Can Be Used For
- Yeast is used to brewing beer or make it alcoholic and ferment the beer.
- Yeast is also used in the process of making chocolate while fermenting Cocoa.
- Recipes that include yeast are used to treat hair fall and give hair the desired shine.
- In making wine, yeast ferments the fruits, which converts sugar to alcohol in wine.
- Since yeast contains certain minerals, vitamins, and amino acids, one can use baker’s yeast to your skincare routine by adding yeast to your cream. It can even act as a moisturizer as it contains Collagen, which helps your skin be firm and helps you fight laxity and wrinkles.
- Yeast is a good source of protein. It gives equal proportions of protein gained from meat or a glass of milk.
- Yeast has been used as a replacement for parmesan in many foods like pasta and salads.
You can make yeast at home, and there are many ways one can make yeast at home, but you must be thinking, why make yeast at home when I can purchase it? Store-bought yeast is made in a laboratory, but many additives might not suit your health.
One of the recipes for making yeast at home is from potatoes and is called potato yeast. This recipe is simple and easy to work with as there is not much preparation work needed. This type of yeast is for making loaves of bread and alcohol, such as vodka.
- Medium-sized potatoes.
- Warm water
- Jar and saucepan.
- Rinse the potato and peel it off. You must peel because potatoes may contain pesticides sprayed in them. They might kill the yeast.
- Chop the potatoes roughly and put them in a pan with water, and boil the potatoes. Boil them until they are ready to mash.
- Cook the potatoes softly with the lid on the pan.
- Once the potatoes are cooked, switch off the stove and let the content cool till room temperature.
- Till the cooling is done, take some flour and sugar into a jar and mix them well together.
- Pour the water-containing potatoes into the jar. Do not pour the hot potato water as this will rot the mixture and give a foul smell.
- Cover it and settle it in a warm place for a few days to ferment well.
The following recipe for making yeast is from fruits. This type of yeast makes bread. One can use various fruits such as oranges, apples, raisins, and many more, but one should avoid making yeast from kiwi and pineapple as they do not show efficient results.
- 3-4 tablespoons of fruits (fresh/dry)
- Filtered water.
- To prepare fruit-based yeast. Take a jar and place the fruits at the bottom of the jar.
- Add sugar to this jar. This is done to speed up the fermentation process.
- Fill the jar ¾ with water. Avoid overfilling the jar, as this will not allow the fermentation process to work.
- Loosely covering the jar allows the air to escape from the jar.
- Place the jar at room temperature and let it sit for several days.
This way, you can prepare your fruit-based yeast at home and use it to make various types of bread. Once the yeast is ready, you might see bubbles on top of your jar and get a scent-like aroma. Then, store it in the refrigerator and use it whenever required.
Last but not least, this method of making yeast is more simple than the others mentioned above. This is known as Sourdough starter yeast.
- All-purpose flour
- Active dry yeast
- Dissolve active dry yeast in warm water and allow it to stand for five minutes.
- To this, add flour and sugar and mix them well.
- The consistency should be like that of thick pancake batter.
- Cover your yeast loosely with plastic wrap and allow it to sit at room temperature for a week.
- The mixture will develop bubbles at the top, indicating it is ready to use.
Once any of the recipes mentioned above prepare your yeast, you need to keep feeding your yeast so that it continues to grow. If the yeast is kept in the refrigerator, you will need to feed the yeast once a week, while if the yeast is set at room temperature, you need to feed the yeast every day. First, you can feed your yeast a slurry made from flour and lukewarm water. Pour this slurry into the jar and let it sit at room temperature, and then you can store it in the refrigerator.