At the time of pregnancy, several females develop high blood sugar levels. This is a condition that is referred to as gestational diabetes mellitus or commonly known as gestational diabetes. This condition usually develops between the twenty-fourth and twenty-eighth week of pregnancy. As documented by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it roughly occurs in two to ten percent of females in the United States.
An individual suffering from gestational diabetes during pregnancy does not necessarily mean that they suffered from diabetes prior to being pregnant. It does not mean that they will continue to have it after the pregnancy is over either. However, suffering from gestational diabetes increases the chance of developing type II diabetes later on.
If managed incorrectly, it could also increase the risk of the child developing diabetes. It also enhances the chance of complications for both the baby and the mother during pregnancy and delivery.
Symptoms Of Gestational Diabetes
It is very uncommon for there to be symptoms of gestational diabetes. If the individual does experience symptoms, they are probably going to be mild. The symptoms include snoring, excessive need to urinate, excessive thirst, blurred vision, and fatigue.
Causes Of Gestational Diabetes
The precise source of gestational diabetes is a mystery. However, it is likely that hormones play a significant role in it. When females are pregnant, their bodies manufacture larger quantities of specific hormones that increase insulin resistance and human placental lactogen.
The hormones impact the placenta and aids in sustaining the pregnancy. As time passes, the quantity of these hormones increases in the body. They might begin to make the body resistant to insulin, which is the hormone that controls blood sugar.
Glucose is transported with the assistance of insulin from the blood to the cells to be utilized as energy. During pregnancy, the body organically becomes to some extent insulin resistant. This is so that additional glucose is accessible to the baby as more is left in the bloodstream. In the event that the resistance to insulin becomes too strong, the blood sugar levels might increase abnormally. This process could result in gestational diabetes.
Those Most At Risk For Gestational Diabetes
Individuals are at greater risk of suffering from gestational diabetes if they are of Hispanic, Pacific Islander, Asian, Native American, and African descent. Having acanthosis nigricans, polycystic ovary syndrome or any other condition that is connected to insulin resistance is also a factor. Suffering from gestational diabetes prior to or been using glucocorticoids or have experienced a stillbirth or unexplained miscarriage are also risks.
Other factors include previously giving birth to a baby that weighs in excess of nine pounds. The individual is expecting more than one baby or has a family history of diabetes. Have gained an abnormal amount of weight during pregnancy. Being overweight prior to becoming pregnant, having high blood pressure, and being over the age of twenty-five are all factors.
Different Types OF Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is separated into two different categories. <b>Class A1</b> is used to define gestational diabetes which could be managed by diet alone. Class A2 is used for individuals with gestational diabetes that will require oral medicines or insulin to manage their condition.
Treatment For Gestational Diabetes
If an individual is diagnosed with gestational diabetes, their treatment plan will rely on the blood sugar levels throughout the day. In many situations, the health care provider will advise the individual to check their blood sugar before and after each meal. They will also request that the individual manage their condition by eating healthy and exercising frequently.
In other cases, they might add insulin injections if required. As stated by the Mayo Clinic, just ten to twenty percent of females with gestational diabetes require insulin to assist. These injections could be prescribed up until the birth of the baby.
Food Requirements For Gestational Diabetes
Maintaining a balanced diet is the chief thing when trying to manage gestational diabetes correctly. Specifically, females suffering from gestational diabetes should pay close attention to their fat, protein, and carbohydrate intake. Eating frequently, as much as every two hours, could also assist the individual in managing their blood sugar levels.
Fats – Fats that are healthy should be incorporated into the diet and these include: avocado, olive oil, seeds, and nuts. <b>Protein – </b> Females that are pregnant should eat two to three servings of proteins every day. Great sources of protein are tofu, fish, poultry, and lean meats. <b>Carbohydrates – </b> Appropriately spacing out foods high in carbohydrates will assist in the prevention of blood sugar spikes.
Health care providers will aid the individual in ascertaining precisely how many carbohydrates they could consume each day. Doctors might also recommend that the individual consult a registered dietician in order to assist in the preparation of meal plans. Carbohydrates that are healthy include low-sugar fruits, starchy vegetables, lentils, peas, beans, and other legumes. Brown rice and whole grains are also great sources of healthy carbohydrates.
Could Gestational Diabetes Be Prevented?
It is impossible to completely prevent the occurrence of gestational diabetes. However, implementing healthy habits could decrease the risks of developing this condition. If an individual is pregnant and has any risk factors, they could attempt getting regular exercise and eating healthy.
If the individual is planning on becoming pregnant but is currently overweight, one of the optimal things to consider is losing weight. Even losing a small amount of weight could be beneficial in reducing the chance of developing gestational diabetes.