4 Ways Air Pollution Causes Health Problems


Air pollution is a crucial problem in many parts of the world. Around 9 million people die every year due to air pollution, and another 250 million live in areas where they are exposed to air pollution. Air pollution can cause cancer, lung damage, heart diseases. It can also lead to eye infections and fungal infections of the skin, damage to the lungs and sinuses, and cause problems with bones and teeth. In addition, dust is a major cause of air pollution that affects our health, making it difficult to breathe.

Irritation Of The Eyes

Dust is typically solid and relatively small. Dust is generally composed of very small particles, such as powder or flakes of solid material. It is a well-known fact that dust is the number one cause of irritation among all health problems. The dust particles in the air are easily trapped in the eyes, nose, and mouth, causing irritation and inflammation. Dust particles found in the air are usually of high density, and thus, they are known as ultrafine particles. The fine particles in dust cause irritation in eyes that have little or no protective skin. The dust goes deep into the eye and irritates the cornea and retina. 

Coughing And Sneezing

Coughing and sneezing are both common health complaints due to environmental factors. Irritants in the air that go into the lungs cause the airway to narrow and cause a runny nose resulting in coughing and sneezing. Coughing is a common cold symptom, usually triggered by an irritating particle in the air. Both of these irritants are a result of dust and similar particles. The particles are so minor that they can enter the lungs and travel all along the respiratory system to reach the lungs, where they can cause coughing, sneezing, and wheezing.

Heart And Liver

Dust is a significant health problem that affects everyone. Dust is a tiny particle that becomes airborne when working in an area constructed with hard materials like drywall, tile, and concrete. When these materials become airborne, they will collect dust particles that can be small enough to cause health problems.

Dust particles will attach themselves to the microscopic hair-like fibers that come from your nose and mouth. The dust particles stuck to these fibers can get into the air that you inhale. They will enter the lungs and travel up into the bronchial tubes, and they may even get into the bloodstream and affect the respiratory system. Heart and liver problems can occur because of excessive amounts of dust in the bloodstream. 


Asthma is a long-term respiratory disease characterized by swelling of the airway and inflammation of the bronchial tubes. It causes difficulty breathing and, less often, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. Attacks occur when the airways become obstructed by an allergy or an infection. Asthma is air pollution’s most common cause of chronic lung disease. While asthma is more prevalent in urban areas where pollution is high, any type of pollution can trigger it. Therefore, living in a polluted environment is a risk factor for developing asthma. Sufferers can respond to treatments such as salbutamol inhalers and steroids. 


Dust can cause serious respiratory problems, cancer, heart disease, some serious skin diseases, and many more. Air pollution is especially prominent in big cities and causes several health problems, including stunted growth in children and premature death. It is important to reduce pollution from cars and industrial fires and clean up our homes, streets, and the local area.