Obesity is considered a condition in which an individual has an unhealthy distribution of body fat or a damaging quantity of body fat. It has the potential of increasing the risk for various severe health complications. The strain is placed on the organs and bones when there is an excessive amount of body fat. What is more, is that it creates multifaceted alterations in metabolism and hormones and raises inflammation within the body. Persons that are considered obese have a thirty or higher BMI or Body Mass Index. Just because you have a risk factor such as being obese does not necessarily indicate that you will develop any of the health conditions in this article, however, it does amplifies your risks of developing one or several of them.
Persons that are obese have more susceptibility to developing heart disease. As time passes, deposits of fat might collect in the arteries which provide the heart with blood. Individuals with obesity have a greater than normal blood pressure, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and blood sugar, all of which add to developing heart disease. The arteries that begin to constrict and become narrow could result in the person experiencing a heart attack. Strokes could be a result of blood clots in the narrow arteries.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes typically takes place when your blood sugar level is higher than average. As time elapses, this could result in other unwanted health conditions such as nerve damage, heart disease, kidney disease, vision problems, and stroke. If an individual is obese, just losing between five to seven percent of your body weight and exercising moderately but frequently might delay or even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Sleep apnea is a medical condition where an individual that suffers from it could momentarily cease breathing anytime during their sleep. Persons who are living with obesity are at a greater risk of developing sleep apnea. The reason for this is due to the fact that they would have a tendency to have more fat being stored around their neck, resulting in the airways shrinking. A restricted airway could result in snoring and issues with breathing during the night. Losing excess weight could minimize the quantity of fat around the neck, thereby reducing the risk of developing sleep apnea.
Heart disease and stroke are connected in many ways; one way is that they share several of the same risk factors. Strokes typically result from the blood supply to the brain is cut off. A stroke could cause injury to the brain tissue and lead to a variety of disabilities, such as language and speech impairment, alterations in thinking and reasoning skills, and weakened muscles. An analysis of roughly twenty-five research papers with approximately 2.3 million participants discovered that obesity raised the risk of experiencing a stroke by as much as sixty-four percent.
High Blood Pressure
Additional fat tissue in the body would require additional oxygen and nutrients. The blood vessels would need to move more blood to the additional fat tissue. This would mean that the heart of that individual must function even harder in order to pump blood around the body. The increase in the quantity of blood moving around the body would place immense pressure on the walls of the arteries. This additional pressure is what is called hypertension or high blood pressure. As time passes, high blood pressure could result in damaging the arteries and heart.
Individuals that live with obesity could develop a liver disease which is known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or fatty liver disease. This occurs when the extra fat starts to build up in the liver. The additional fat could harm the liver or result in scar tissue growing, known as cirrhosis. There are normally zero symptoms manifested by fatty liver disease, however, it could eventually result in the failure of the liver to function. The only option to reverse or control the disease is to lose weight, avoid the consumption of alcohol, and exercise.
Gall Bladder Disease
The function of the gall bladder is to store a substance known as bile and then release it into the small intestines at the point of digestion. Bile assists in the digestion of fats. Obesity raises your chances of developing gallstones, which happen when the bile builds up and solidifies in the gall bladder. Persons that are obese might have increased levels of cholesterol in their bile, or possess big gallbladders that do not function well, which could result in gallstones. Gallstones could be very painful, even to the point of requiring surgery. Consuming a diet that is rich in fiber and healthy fats might assist in preventing gallstones. Circumventing refined grains such as bread, white rice and pasta may also help as well.
Due to the fact that cancer is not a single disease, the link between obesity and cancer is not quite clear as it is with other diseases such as stroke and heart disease. Nevertheless, obesity could increase the chances of particular cancers, including colon, breast, pancreatic, gallbladder, prostate, and kidney cancer, in addition to cancer of the endometrium, cervix, ovaries, and uterus. In the United States, it was revealed in a study that an estimated 72,000 females and 28,000 males that suffered from cancer were a result of being overweight or suffering from obesity.
A lot of persons that are affected by obesity suffer from depression. Several studies have discovered that there is a strong relationship between obesity and major depressive disorder. Persons that are living with obesity might often experience discrimination due to the size of their body. Over time, this could result in feelings of sadness or a lack of self-worth. Presently, there are groups that are fighting against discrimination based on their body size, groups such as the National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance (NAAFA) are one such group.