Most people simply opt for the berries that can be handpicked in the supermarket or grocery stores, like blueberries, raspberries, and strawberries, as these are the common variety of berries or the well-known ones. However, there are nutritious and delicious berries that can be harvested from the wild as they grow in abundance. These wild berries can thrive in most climates and are although can be quite tart to the taste, they are extremely versatile and can be prepared and consumed in a variety of fashions. There are some of these wild berries that are toxic and can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities, but this article is not focused on those, instead, we will take a look at the wild berries that you simply must try, if you get the opportunity.
A variety of the Sambucus plant, the Elderberry thrives in the mild to subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere. There has a black, bluish-black, or even purple color and they tend to grow in small clusters. This berry is the most consumed variety of the Sambucus plant although most of its cousins are edible. A keynote here is that to inactivate the alkaloid compounds that are found in the Elderberry, they must be cooked, as this compound can result in nausea when consumed in its raw state. Elderberries are mainly cooked and sweetened to make jams, juices, and elderberry wine due to its tart and tangy taste. Rich in vitamin C and B6 which both support the immune system, this berry is can provide you with as much as fifty-eight percent of your daily vitamin needs in just a single cup.
The cloudberries are from the Rubus Chamaemorus plant and typically grows in higher elevations in the Northern Hemisphere. The cloudberry has a yellow to orange color and can resemble a raspberry, it is juicy, soft, and fairly tart to the taste, some describing it as a blend between raspberry and red currants, with some hint of floral sweetness. Unlike Elderberries, Cloudberries are quite safe to consume raw and also provide in excess of one hundred and seventy-five percent of the daily requirement of vitamin C, it also is rich in ellagitannins, which is considered a very powerful antioxidant that assists in the reduction of free radicals.
This is a native name given to the fruit that is produced by a variety of plants in the Vaccinium and Gaylussacia genera. Found in the mountainous regions, bogs, forests, and lake basins in the Northwest of America and the Western region of Canada, the Huckleberry is relatively small and can be either black, blue, or red in color. Although these berries can be consumed in their raw state, at most times they are cooked and made into jams, puddings, candies, drinks, and syrups. They have a fairly sweet taste with a touch of tartness. Diets that are rich in anthocyanins, an antioxidant that is found in the Huckleberry, have been linked to reduced inflammation and a decrease in the risk factors associated with heart disease.
The gooseberry fruit belongs to family groups, the American gooseberry or the Ribes hirtellum, and the European gooseberry or the Ribes grossularia var. uva-crispa. These berries can be found in North America, Asia, and Europe and grow on a bush that can be anywhere from three to six feet high. The Gooseberry is a green to red or even purple fruit and is very small and round. Gooseberries are on the extreme of the taste list, they can be very tart or they can be very sweet, they can also be eaten straight from the tree or used in wines, jams, and syrups. They are packed with fiber, providing more than twenty-six percent of the daily requirement and vitamin C with forty-six percent of the daily requirements. The antioxidant protocatechuic acid can be found in Gooseberries and have been known to have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties.
The chokeberry is native to the North American eastern region and grows on a short shrub in wet woods and swamps. Like most of the berries listed before it, the Chokeberry can be cooked and made into jams, spreads, juices, wines, and even ice cream, the taste of the berry is semisweet with a slight tart taste. Typically, there are three varieties of the chokeberry, the red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia), purple chokeberry (Aronia prunifolia), and black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa). A great source of vitamin K and antioxidants like phenolic acids and anthocyanins.
Found in the subtropical regions of Northern and Southern hemispheres, the Mulberry is a group of flowering plants belonging to the Moraceae family, they are multiple fruits which means that the mulberry grows in clusters. Mulberries are very juicy and sweet and are found in colors of black, or dark purple, although some varieties can be found in white or red. This berry is rich in vitamin C, B, potassium, and magnesium, it also has fourteen percent of our daily requirements in iron.
This is a unique berry that is family to the rose, it is a fruit of the Rubus spectabilis plant, which are native to North America and can grow from anywhere between six and a half feet to thirteen feet tall and can be found in moist coastal forests and sometimes along shorelines. They are normally yellow to orange-red in color and resemble a blackberry, they can be eaten raw but are usually quite tasteless. Despite the taste, they are a good source of manganese, proving more than half our daily requirements and are also rich in vitamin C and K, providing more than fifteen and eighteen percent respectively.
This is a very sweet and nutty-tasting berry, which grows anywhere between three feet to twenty-six feet in North America. The fruit is normally purple and can be as long as one inch, some people dry out the fruit before consuming it, while others eat it right off the tree. It can also be made into jams, cider, wines, or even beer and cereals. They are some of the best sources of riboflavin, which is a B vitamin that has some progress with assisting in Parkinson’s disease.